Counselling in Norwich

Photo of Christie Walker, MBACP, Counsellor
Christie Walker
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
Hi there, I'm Christie and I'm an Integrative Psychotherapeutic Counsellor! My aim as a Counsellor is to ensure you feel comfortable and at ease whilst starting to explore the challenges and difficulties you’re struggling with. I'll provide you with a safe, compassionate and accepting space for you to understand how you've got to where you are now and support you in creating the changes you want for yourself. You may be having difficulties in relationships, struggling with stress, depression or anxiety, experienced a loss or need a place to talk through painful experiences in a safe place.
Hi there, I'm Christie and I'm an Integrative Psychotherapeutic Counsellor! My aim as a Counsellor is to ensure you feel comfortable and at ease whilst starting to explore the challenges and difficulties you’re struggling with. I'll provide you with a safe, compassionate and accepting space for you to understand how you've got to where you are now and support you in creating the changes you want for yourself. You may be having difficulties in relationships, struggling with stress, depression or anxiety, experienced a loss or need a place to talk through painful experiences in a safe place.
01603 361127 View 01603 361127
Photo of Suzy Thacker, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Suzy Thacker
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
Many of my clients talk about how counselling allows them to discuss things with someone who is not directly affected, and who will offer a safe place in which to do it. It can provide people the chance to really reflect on how they, themselves are feeling, away from the life and expectations that they experience with others around them. Whatever your reason for reaching out, well done for making this step and I hope that I can be of help :)
Many of my clients talk about how counselling allows them to discuss things with someone who is not directly affected, and who will offer a safe place in which to do it. It can provide people the chance to really reflect on how they, themselves are feeling, away from the life and expectations that they experience with others around them. Whatever your reason for reaching out, well done for making this step and I hope that I can be of help :)
01603 361805 View 01603 361805
Photo of Ilse Maria leenders - i-Cope Counselling, MNCPS Acc., Psychotherapist
i-Cope Counselling
Psychotherapist, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR8
In these uncertain times we are all feeling anxious and that is completely normal, however if these feelings are overwhelming please contact me. Acceptance and speaking to someone may help to understand how to manage these emotions. Or maybe you need a safe place, space and time to reflect on your life. Counselling and psychotherapy could help you to understand and make sense of the world and also recognize your behavior patterns and let go of the old patterns; ‘If you always do the same things in the same way, you will also get what you have always got!’ I am doing session via Zoom, facetime, skype or what ever is best for you.
In these uncertain times we are all feeling anxious and that is completely normal, however if these feelings are overwhelming please contact me. Acceptance and speaking to someone may help to understand how to manage these emotions. Or maybe you need a safe place, space and time to reflect on your life. Counselling and psychotherapy could help you to understand and make sense of the world and also recognize your behavior patterns and let go of the old patterns; ‘If you always do the same things in the same way, you will also get what you have always got!’ I am doing session via Zoom, facetime, skype or what ever is best for you.
01603 361148 View 01603 361148
Photo of Joyce Catherine Billing, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Joyce Catherine Billing
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR12
I am a BACP registered person-centred counsellor and counselling supervisor. I work with young people and adults - age from 11 years old and up. I aim to offer a confidential, safe space and a non-judgemental supportive relationship, hopefully helping you to explore and gain understanding of why you may feel the way you do. This sometimes can mean reviewing and working through past influences and life events and how they may be affecting you in the present. This self-exploration can be an opportunity for personal development and growth, bringing about positive changes in how we feel about ourselves and how we relate to others.
I am a BACP registered person-centred counsellor and counselling supervisor. I work with young people and adults - age from 11 years old and up. I aim to offer a confidential, safe space and a non-judgemental supportive relationship, hopefully helping you to explore and gain understanding of why you may feel the way you do. This sometimes can mean reviewing and working through past influences and life events and how they may be affecting you in the present. This self-exploration can be an opportunity for personal development and growth, bringing about positive changes in how we feel about ourselves and how we relate to others.
01692 666313 View 01692 666313
Photo of Charlie Norman, MBACP, Counsellor
Charlie Norman
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
Not accepting new clients
Life can sometimes be challenging, and it can be helpful to explore it with someone. I work in a Person-Centred way, and I aim to provide a non-judgemental space for you to explore what might be interfering with the way you want to live your life. I can offer support for a range of issues including anxiety, depression and abuse. I can also support those who just want to make a change in their life but are not sure how. I believe that you are the expert on yourself and that you will know what is troubling you.
Life can sometimes be challenging, and it can be helpful to explore it with someone. I work in a Person-Centred way, and I aim to provide a non-judgemental space for you to explore what might be interfering with the way you want to live your life. I can offer support for a range of issues including anxiety, depression and abuse. I can also support those who just want to make a change in their life but are not sure how. I believe that you are the expert on yourself and that you will know what is troubling you.
01603 361060 View 01603 361060
Photo of Kathleen Blades, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap., Psychotherapist
Kathleen Blades
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
Hello, I’m Kathleen. I offer face to face, walk & talk, and online therapy. I have experience working with people of all ages with many different needs. I offer a confidential, non-judgemental space where I actively listen and connect with each individual client.
Hello, I’m Kathleen. I offer face to face, walk & talk, and online therapy. I have experience working with people of all ages with many different needs. I offer a confidential, non-judgemental space where I actively listen and connect with each individual client.
01603 361993 View 01603 361993
Photo of Ceyda Kiyak, MSc, GMBPsS, Psychologist
Ceyda Kiyak
Psychologist, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1  (Online Only)
Every person's journey is unique, filled with its own contours and shades. If you find yourself struggling with challenges in life, it can feel overwhelming, impacting your daily life and relationships. I deeply understand the weight of these experiences. You are not alone. In a supportive and non-judgemental environment, guided by evidence-based practices and personalised care, we can navigate these challenges together. My goal is to work towards emotional stability, improved relationships, and effective stress management, empowering you to embrace your journey and cultivate a life of fulfilment and peace.
Every person's journey is unique, filled with its own contours and shades. If you find yourself struggling with challenges in life, it can feel overwhelming, impacting your daily life and relationships. I deeply understand the weight of these experiences. You are not alone. In a supportive and non-judgemental environment, guided by evidence-based practices and personalised care, we can navigate these challenges together. My goal is to work towards emotional stability, improved relationships, and effective stress management, empowering you to embrace your journey and cultivate a life of fulfilment and peace.
01508 505227 View 01508 505227
Photo of Jessica Sparrow, MBACP, Counsellor
Jessica Sparrow
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwich NR7
The decision to seek counselling, for you or your child, can be nerve-wracking. Sometimes things happen in our lives that make us feel broken or as if we’ve lost our sense of identity. We might feel like we will never feel okay again. Counselling is focused on the client's emotional journey, with their feelings at the heart of it. Working in a safe and non-judgemental space that offers acceptance and care can help my clients connect with their true selves and find their inner strength. If that’s what you feel you or your child needs, please look through this profile to see if I can help.
The decision to seek counselling, for you or your child, can be nerve-wracking. Sometimes things happen in our lives that make us feel broken or as if we’ve lost our sense of identity. We might feel like we will never feel okay again. Counselling is focused on the client's emotional journey, with their feelings at the heart of it. Working in a safe and non-judgemental space that offers acceptance and care can help my clients connect with their true selves and find their inner strength. If that’s what you feel you or your child needs, please look through this profile to see if I can help.
01493 801559 View 01493 801559
Photo of Helen Bowes, MBACP, Counsellor
Helen Bowes
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
I am trained as an integrative psychotherapeutic counsellor, which means I draw on a range of theories and concepts in our work together. Underpinning my work is my belief that we all have a human desire to feel whole and connected, with ourselves and with others.  Yet, this can seem unreachable. I will help you explore those parts of your experience that may prevent you feeling this way, and always hold in mind how difficult this can be at times. I have experience working with a variety of issues, such as anxiety, depression, bereavement, identity and unresolved trauma (including abuse and attachment trauma) .
I am trained as an integrative psychotherapeutic counsellor, which means I draw on a range of theories and concepts in our work together. Underpinning my work is my belief that we all have a human desire to feel whole and connected, with ourselves and with others.  Yet, this can seem unreachable. I will help you explore those parts of your experience that may prevent you feeling this way, and always hold in mind how difficult this can be at times. I have experience working with a variety of issues, such as anxiety, depression, bereavement, identity and unresolved trauma (including abuse and attachment trauma) .
01603 361861 View 01603 361861
Photo of Janine Elizabeth Algar - Eastern Therapy Works, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Eastern Therapy Works
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
Are you finding it difficult to cope with everyday life? Are you fed up with feeling the same way? Maybe you have experienced a life changing event, that has left you feeling anxious, overwhelmed or alone. What ever your needs are, I can offer a safe, non - judgemental space to help you understand what's going on and together, we will come up with a plan to help you manage the current situation and work towards your individual goals and ultimately, live the life you want. It takes a lot to take that next step but once you do, it can give you hope for the future YOU! If you feel ready to make a change, please do get in touch.
Are you finding it difficult to cope with everyday life? Are you fed up with feeling the same way? Maybe you have experienced a life changing event, that has left you feeling anxious, overwhelmed or alone. What ever your needs are, I can offer a safe, non - judgemental space to help you understand what's going on and together, we will come up with a plan to help you manage the current situation and work towards your individual goals and ultimately, live the life you want. It takes a lot to take that next step but once you do, it can give you hope for the future YOU! If you feel ready to make a change, please do get in touch.
01603 340546 View 01603 340546
Photo of June Webb, MA, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
June Webb
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
If you are searching for a safe space to be with what is around for you right now, I can help you. You may be feeling stuck, facing important life decisions. You may be struggling with a relationship. There might be a lot of pressure around. Perhaps you have lost a sense of who you are. Life might have lost a little direction. You may be facing an enforced or welcome change or transition in your life. Maybe you are looking for a little support with someone you can trust. Something might need healing. You are strong and capable and also there is a part needing some compassion and care.
If you are searching for a safe space to be with what is around for you right now, I can help you. You may be feeling stuck, facing important life decisions. You may be struggling with a relationship. There might be a lot of pressure around. Perhaps you have lost a sense of who you are. Life might have lost a little direction. You may be facing an enforced or welcome change or transition in your life. Maybe you are looking for a little support with someone you can trust. Something might need healing. You are strong and capable and also there is a part needing some compassion and care.
01603 984386 View 01603 984386
Photo of Gemma Carthy, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Gemma Carthy
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
I highly value my role as therapist and count myself as privileged to be able to walk alongside people in search of meaning, safety, hope and healing. Whether you're struggling in your relationships, with depression, anxiety, or just feeling stuck in life, therapy can be a resource to offer support, curiosity and new perspectives. It is rewarding for me to witness others discover their own strengths and overcome difficult experiences.
I highly value my role as therapist and count myself as privileged to be able to walk alongside people in search of meaning, safety, hope and healing. Whether you're struggling in your relationships, with depression, anxiety, or just feeling stuck in life, therapy can be a resource to offer support, curiosity and new perspectives. It is rewarding for me to witness others discover their own strengths and overcome difficult experiences.
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Photo of Jacqui Martyr - Jacqui Martyr Counselling, MUKCP, Counsellor
Jacqui Martyr Counselling
Counsellor, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwich NR15
I believe that everyone has the potential to lead a fulfilling and meaningful life. Counselling can be a safe place to let your feelings out and share what’s on your mind. I'm an integrative counsellor, I draw on techniques from different types of therapy to tailor an approach specifically for you. My focus is you, I care deeply about the relationship we establish together, believing the therapeutic relationship is essential to the success of your experience. We’ll start where you are, talk about what’s been happening in your life and how that’s affecting you and your relationships.
I believe that everyone has the potential to lead a fulfilling and meaningful life. Counselling can be a safe place to let your feelings out and share what’s on your mind. I'm an integrative counsellor, I draw on techniques from different types of therapy to tailor an approach specifically for you. My focus is you, I care deeply about the relationship we establish together, believing the therapeutic relationship is essential to the success of your experience. We’ll start where you are, talk about what’s been happening in your life and how that’s affecting you and your relationships.
01282 967084 View 01282 967084
Photo of Jorge Damasceno, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Jorge Damasceno
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR14
Making the decision to be in therapy can be life-changing. It is important to be able to express ourselves in a non-judgmental, safe, open, and confidential environment. I have been working for many years with people who come to me to talk about a variety of issues. All of these conversations highlight people's desire to improve their quality of life, whether by becoming more confident, finding direction or purpose in life, improving relationships, changing unhelpful behaviours, feeling happier, or developing new skills in life.
Making the decision to be in therapy can be life-changing. It is important to be able to express ourselves in a non-judgmental, safe, open, and confidential environment. I have been working for many years with people who come to me to talk about a variety of issues. All of these conversations highlight people's desire to improve their quality of life, whether by becoming more confident, finding direction or purpose in life, improving relationships, changing unhelpful behaviours, feeling happier, or developing new skills in life.
01508 505547 View 01508 505547
Photo of Jo Clarke, MBACP, Counsellor
Jo Clarke
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
Are you fed up of waking up in the morning with a feeling of dread, a churning in your stomach or a tightness in your chest? Are you frustrated from having thoughts going around in your mind, feeling like you're out of control? Are you finding yourself feeling sad and crying more than usual? Do you feel confused and often find yourself asking "what's wrong with me?" Maybe you are experiencing anxiety when faced with challenging situations and people? Counselling can help to support you through this distress and to help you to move forwards with your life.
Are you fed up of waking up in the morning with a feeling of dread, a churning in your stomach or a tightness in your chest? Are you frustrated from having thoughts going around in your mind, feeling like you're out of control? Are you finding yourself feeling sad and crying more than usual? Do you feel confused and often find yourself asking "what's wrong with me?" Maybe you are experiencing anxiety when faced with challenging situations and people? Counselling can help to support you through this distress and to help you to move forwards with your life.
01603 361758 View 01603 361758
Photo of Maureen Pettican, MSc, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Maureen Pettican
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norwich NR5
Waitlist for new clients
Hi, thank you for stopping on my page. As you search through these listings, I am sure you are trying to find out what brought you here and what kind of support you need. You have taken the first step :) The next step is to take a deep breath and trust yourself to move towards making that first enquiry. It can feel daunting, but I promise it is not as bad as it may seem. If you are looking for a therapist who will listen, understand and walk with you through a difficult time, you have found me. If you need to feel you can trust, share, cry and talk, I will listen and I will help you find your next steps. I encourage you to call.
Hi, thank you for stopping on my page. As you search through these listings, I am sure you are trying to find out what brought you here and what kind of support you need. You have taken the first step :) The next step is to take a deep breath and trust yourself to move towards making that first enquiry. It can feel daunting, but I promise it is not as bad as it may seem. If you are looking for a therapist who will listen, understand and walk with you through a difficult time, you have found me. If you need to feel you can trust, share, cry and talk, I will listen and I will help you find your next steps. I encourage you to call.
01603 361422 View 01603 361422
Photo of Dr Eleftherios Kipoulas, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Eleftherios Kipoulas
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR6
If you are feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or lost, I am here to offer a safe and non-judgmental space to talk and make sense of anything that keeps you from building a life worth living. I am an HCPC registered Chartered Clinical Psychologist with a Doctorate in Clinical Psychology. I have experience working with young people, adults, and families from diverse cultural backgrounds across a range of different settings, including community mental health teams, inpatient units, crisis teams, and specialist services within the NHS.
If you are feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or lost, I am here to offer a safe and non-judgmental space to talk and make sense of anything that keeps you from building a life worth living. I am an HCPC registered Chartered Clinical Psychologist with a Doctorate in Clinical Psychology. I have experience working with young people, adults, and families from diverse cultural backgrounds across a range of different settings, including community mental health teams, inpatient units, crisis teams, and specialist services within the NHS.
01603 361971 x44 View 01603 361971 x44
Photo of Shane Lutkin, MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Shane Lutkin
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR4
I have studied focusing, CBT, mindfulness, couples and group facilitation, coaching and creative thinking. At Emotionalskills we offer a straightforward therapeutic skills course designed specifically to help each unique client individually. I am a member of the British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy (BACP) and work with: adults, young people (15 plus), older people who thought they were too old to change, couples who want to stop arguing, struggling family units and people who want to realise a fulfilling life.
I have studied focusing, CBT, mindfulness, couples and group facilitation, coaching and creative thinking. At Emotionalskills we offer a straightforward therapeutic skills course designed specifically to help each unique client individually. I am a member of the British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy (BACP) and work with: adults, young people (15 plus), older people who thought they were too old to change, couples who want to stop arguing, struggling family units and people who want to realise a fulfilling life.
01603 980295 View 01603 980295
Photo of Jacquie Jenner - Ash Tree Counselling , MUKCP, Counsellor
Ash Tree Counselling
Counsellor, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
Counselling is an opportunity to explore difficult feelings and to talk about personal issues, in an environment that is confidential. To work through difficulties - such as relationships, childhood trauma and bereavement. This can be a tiring and difficult process but it creates the possibility for change and enables us, together, to move towards a more comfortable way of being. Integrative psychotherapeutic counselling is “a combined approach that brings together different elements of specific therapies. Integrative therapists take the view that there is no single approach that can treat each client in all situations”
Counselling is an opportunity to explore difficult feelings and to talk about personal issues, in an environment that is confidential. To work through difficulties - such as relationships, childhood trauma and bereavement. This can be a tiring and difficult process but it creates the possibility for change and enables us, together, to move towards a more comfortable way of being. Integrative psychotherapeutic counselling is “a combined approach that brings together different elements of specific therapies. Integrative therapists take the view that there is no single approach that can treat each client in all situations”
01603 937006 View 01603 937006
Photo of Dr Ciara Glennon, PsychD, Psychologist
Dr Ciara Glennon
Psychologist, PsychD
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
Hello and welcome. Thank you for taking time to consider my profile. It can be really daunting trying to get started with therapy, and therapist fit is so important; so I've explained a bit about me below so that you can think how that fits with your needs. I am a Clinical Psychologist offering in person and online sessions. I work across many areas, though specialise in attachment and trauma related difficulties. I work with individuals and couples, and also offer parent interventions. I am a curious and compassionate psychologist and work in a collaborative, person centred way; going at the pace that feels safe and right for you.
Hello and welcome. Thank you for taking time to consider my profile. It can be really daunting trying to get started with therapy, and therapist fit is so important; so I've explained a bit about me below so that you can think how that fits with your needs. I am a Clinical Psychologist offering in person and online sessions. I work across many areas, though specialise in attachment and trauma related difficulties. I work with individuals and couples, and also offer parent interventions. I am a curious and compassionate psychologist and work in a collaborative, person centred way; going at the pace that feels safe and right for you.
01603 361682 View 01603 361682

See more therapy options for Norwich

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Norwich

100+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in Norwich who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
86% Depression
84% Self Esteem
79% Relationship Issues
79% Stress
74% Trauma and PTSD
61% Bereavement

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

56% Aviva
53% AXA PPP
47% Bupa

How Counsellors in Norwich see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Norwich?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Therapist Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Therapist Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.